COMPREHENSIVE EXAMINATION REVIEW FOR M.ED. IN TESOL
- Discuss Krashen's Monitor Model and its five
interrelated hypotheses. What does this model mean for curriculum,
methods, and assessment in the ESL classroom? Finally, what relevant
factors are not addressed by Krashen?
- Discuss the process of first and second language
acquisition. What are the similarities and differences? Evaluate
the relating factors that directly impact successful language development
for both L1 and L2 learners. Discuss what you can do to facilitate
the acquisition process in your ESL classroom.
With the increased number of races and ethnicities
in international schools, an atmosphere of tolerance must be created,
established, and maintained in our classrooms. Discuss how
this can be accomplished.
- Discuss why ESL/EFL and mainstream teachers should
collaborate. In what ways can both of them contribute to the
success of mainstreamed ESL students?
Discuss Jim Cumminsí model of BICS and CALP and
explain what does he mean by cognitively undemanding, cognitively
demanding, context embedded, and context reduced. How does his model
relate to teaching and learning of English as a second language?
- Consider Natural approach, Whole language approach,
Total Physical Response. How can they be used most appropriately to teach
various aspects of language? Discuss the possible implications of an integrated
approach in your school setting.
Discuss the concepts of grammatical competence, communicative
competence, and sociolinguistic competence in relation to Jim Cumminsí
model of BICS and CALP. What do the concepts and Cumminsí model mean for
curriculum, methods, and assessment in the ESL classroom?
- Discuss the impact of some factors such as learnersí
social and economic background, learning environment, and first language, in
the process of first and second language acquisition. Discuss what
you can do to facilitate the acquisition process in your ESL classroom.
- With the increased number of races and ethnicities in
international schools, an atmosphere of tolerance must be created,
established, and maintained in our classrooms. Discuss how this can
- Discuss five different approaches to address diversity
and multi-culturalism in the curriculum, and state goals and strategies
to promote multiculturalism in a public school or an international school
- Discuss theories of language acquisition: the Imitation
Theory, the Behaviorist Theory, the Innatist Theory and the Interactionist
Theory. Choose the one that supports your philosophical point of view with
examples and documentation.
- What are the positive and negative aspects of using
a Whole Language-based curriculum in an ESL classroom? What special
problems does this approach pose for ESL students?
- What kind of knowledge, skills, and attitudes do teachers
need to have in order to develop a language pedagogy that promotes second
language acquisition in the ESL classroom?
- What role does technology play in the modern ESL classroom?
What are some of the benefits, problems, and liabilities of technology-mediated
language learning and teaching?
Why must students' cultural backgrounds be taken
into consideration when shaping the educational system? Discuss the
impact this consideration should have on curriculum, school environment,
and teaching style for an ESL program in an international school setting.
- What are the reasons for the shift from teaching language alone to content-based
approaches? Discuss the advantages and disadvantages of a content-based
approach in the teaching and learning of English as a second language
in your school.
- Discuss the strength and weakness of traditional, port-folio,
authentic, or holistic assessment. What criteria, procedures, and
instruments, in your opinion, should be used to assess ESL students in
your school setting?
- What approaches or methods are most appropriate to teach
various aspects of language in your school setting? Discuss the possible
implications of an integrated approach.