Within the study of biomimetics lie various scopes of biorobotic investigation and advancement. Hexapedal, aquatic, amphibious, snake-like, water-striding, flying, and wall-walking robots all use nature’s inspiration as the foundation for robotic design. Wall-climbing robots are particularly remarkable, given their unique ability to scale surfaces in a manner largely in-dependent from the forceful effects of gravity. Such robots have a variety of potential application on Earth as well as in space: search and rescue activities, access humanly inaccessible areas like sky-scrapers, bridges, or highway underpasses for inspection, repair, or personal assistance; military uses such as surveillance, reconnaissance, and mine/bomb diffusion; unusual atmospheric and environmental conditions like vacuums, underwater, in volcanoes, or in space exploration, excavation, and construction; entertainment by way of toys, sporting equipment, and/or new sporting games. Regardless of their prospective uses, climbing robots are undoubtedly significant and worthy of development.
With this technology still in progression, a simple and fundamentally sound robot has been created to mimic the actions of a gecko and serve as a test bed and proof-of-concept robot. The developed robot adopts a simplified gecko’s climbing gait. It features biologically inspired adhesive feet, a preloading tail and modular design with inexpensive educational parts.